simon the zealot cause of death
; Western feast day October 28, Eastern feas. Finklestein, Louis, William Horbury, William David Davies, and John Sturdy. ( Matthew 27:3-5) It was too late. I included Paul among the apostles since he was perhaps the greatest apostle and evangelist the world has ever known and most certainly deserves to be included among the apostles. Often asked: Apostle Who Wemt To Mountain To See Mary? The Zealots were a faction, headed by Judas of Galilee, who "in the days of the enrollment" (compare Acts 5:37; Luke 2:1,2) bitterly opposed the threatened increase of taxation at the census of Quirinius, and would have hastened by the sword the fulfillment of Messianic prophecy. It is not fair to call Judas Iscariot an apostle since he was never truly converted or commissioned by . Syrian Christian tradition postulates he was martyred in Mylapore on July 3, 72 AD. 543544. We think of Jesus' disciple, Simon "the Zealot" or "Canaanite", and of Josephus's account of Judas the Galilean in 6 CE apparently responsible for what became the Zealot party and a widespread "nationalist" movement against Roman rule. Simon ben Gioras' control of Jerusalem rendered Eleazar and John's alliance useless and the Zealots split from John and barricaded themselves in the Temple. His death sentence was meted out by the Roman Emperor Catus Decianus during his execution in May 61 AD at Caistor, modern-day Lincolnshire . Resources: New International Version Bible THE HOLY BIBLE, NEW INTERNATIONAL VERSION, NIV Copyright 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica, Inc. Used by permission. Also, consider one of Jesus' other disciples was a tax collector. Come, follow me, Jesus said, and I will make you fishers of men. At once they left their nets and followed him. The apostle was murdered in Rome by Emperor Nero around 64 AD, after the Great Fire of Rome. All rights reserved worldwide. Even his moniker, the Zealot is ambiguous enough that we cant be sure what it meansthough there are several strong possibilities. Following his victory against Cestius' forces, Eleazar was deposed from power in Jerusalem by the High Priest Ananus ben Ananus. Later, during Domitians persecution in the middle 90s, he was exiled to the island of Patmos. His last thoughts must have been of His beloved Lord knowing that since He rescued him from eternal death by saving him, He would rescue him after his physical death and would be with the Lord forever. Disciples, Judas the Betrayer. Other leading causes of death, including heart disease (#1), respiratory diseases (#6), and diabetes (#8), sweep a wider sickle through America because we sit everywhere we go, instead of using our legs. Simon the Zealot is one of the most obscure apostles. Simon of Cyrene (Hebrew: , Standard Hebrew imon, Tiberian Hebrew imn; Greek: , Simn Kyrnaios; died 100) was the man compelled by the Romans to carry the cross of Jesus of Nazareth as Jesus was taken to his crucifixion, according to all three Synoptic Gospels. We know little about him other than his name. Anyone associated with a known Zealot would fall under the suspicion of Roman authorities. Generally speaking, a zealot is anyone who fervently supports a particular cause. Zeal is behavior motivated by the jealous desire to protect ones self, group, space, or time against violations. His remains are buried in a crypt in Rome. In this instance Canaanite is being used in its political sense, and does not refer to Simon's place of origin. They assumed he was from Canaa town within Galileeor possibly Canaan, an ancient region in the near east which was frequently mentioned in the Bible. However he was imprisoned on the island of Patmos where he wrote the Book of Revelation. Lives and death of the Apostles after the Last Supper - post 3. On the various New Testament lists of the Twelve Apostles ( Matthew 10:2-4; Mark 3:16-19; Luke 6:14-16; Acts 1:13), the tenth and eleventh places are occupied by Simon the Zealot (also called Simon the "Cananean," the Aramaic word meaning "Zealot") and by Judas of James, also called Thaddaeus or Lebbaeus. Feast Day: October 28th. At 14th level for the Zealot: "While you're raging, having 0 hit points doesn't knock you unconscious. He is thought to have preached in Egypt and then to have joined St. Jude in Persia. Matthias He was the apostle chosen to replace Judas. Read them in the archive below. He is represented as bearded man holding an oar, a boat, boat hook, a club, an axe or a book. The apostle Simon is not Simon Peter (Andrew's brother) but Simon the Zealot. The Lord will rescue me from every evil attack and will bring me safely to his heavenly kingdom. According to legend, he died as a martyr. In the thirteenth century, Jacobus de Varagine compiled numerous biographies of the saints intoThe Golden Legend, where centuries after Jerome, the error was repeated: Simon is as much to say as obedient, or being in heaviness. The lack of verses mentioning Simon the zealot probably indicates that Jesus had little if any problems with him. Amen. But the Lord stood at my side and gave me strength, so that through me the message might be fully proclaimed and all the Gentiles might hear it. Just as Ananus' forces had surrounded him, in 69 CE. It seems like that would be . The word we translate as apostle (apstolos) literally means one who is sent.. First we need to establish exactly who Simon the Zealot was. Yet Caligula's threat caused many of the moderate Jews to shift towards radical anti-Roman political views. Nothing else is known about him. John desperately needed Eleazar's funds to supply his followers, and Eleazar required the protection of John's large entourage to fend off Ananus. Since an "Eleazar, son of Simon" and an "Eleasar, son of Ya'ir" are introduced separately with their patrimonial name, Josephus intends to distinguish the two leaders as separate persons. But the group known as the Zealots may not have existed at the time the gospels took placepossibly not even when they were written. On Pauls third missionary journey, Jews and Jewish Christians who were zealous for the Law wanted to kill Paul (Acts 21:20;23:1214). Eleazar ben Simon and his Zealots' radical anti-Roman policies and eradication of the moderate temple aristocracy from Jerusalem in 67 CE also prevented any peaceful agreement with Rome to avoid the death and destruction which ensued in 70 CE. There is coming a day when no man or woman can be joined together with Christ so why not decide this very hour for when He comes it will be too late. Paul was abandoned by everyone as his execution nearedall that is except His cherished Lord. In response, Nero ordered Cestius Gallus, the Roman legate of Syria, to crush the rebellion. The Cambridge History of Judaism. Yet when the revolt broke out in 66 CE, the Galilean zealots fled the Roman massacres and sought refuge in the last major Jewish stronghold: Jerusalem. The Apostle Jude was crucified in Persia. Why were the books of Kings included in the Bible. Zealots were shunned by the High Priesthood in Jerusalem prior to the revolt. The circumstances of Saint Patrick's death are understandably a little muddy. If you like what you're reading, you can get free daily updates through the RSS feed here. And John mentions Thaddeus, calling him Judas (not Iscariot) (John 14:22). Two of them are among Jesus Twelve ApostlesSimon the Zealot and Simon Peter. As the Roman burden became more onerous, Jewish priests alienated by the pro-Roman high priesthood joined in the effort to attain political and religious liberty by any means possible, thus forming the Zealots. Dear Lord, we thank You for giving us Your Apostle, St. Simon, as an example of holiness. While even a stable independent Jewish state would probably not withstand the Roman forces, it could have lessened the devastation and provided a viable paradigm for the future revolts. Required fields are marked *. The other James, James the Less, is named in Scripture only in each list of the apostles ( Matthew 10:3, Mark 3:18, Luke 6:14-16, and Acts 1:13) and as a secondary figure in Mark 15:40. He was crucified, tied upside down in an x-shaped cross from where he preached for two days before he finally died. While there are some variations in the order the apostles appear and even the names they went by, Simon is listed in all of them. Jesus predicted Peters death when He said to him, when you are old you will stretch out your hands, and someone else will dress you and lead you where you do not want to go (John 21:18). May it not be held against them. It's thought that he became a missionary to Africa and died of old age. From the various accounts that have been recorded, it is believed that Simon the Magician likely died of natural causes, likely in Jerusalem during the time of the Roman Empire. James the Less was martyred in a fashion similar to James, the half-brother of Jesus, who was thrown from the pinnacle of the temple and then beaten to death. He is usually identified with the Apostle Simon the Zealot, with whom he shares a surname, or with the Apostle Jude. Apostles, All that is known about his death is that he was also was crucified. He used the wealth acquired in this decisive victory as political leverage during the battle for power in Jerusalem in 67-69 CE. Either "Zealot" is about the apostle's passionate faith, or his membership in a New Testament group called the "Zealots," or both. I'm grateful that Simon the Zealot, for one, was welcomed in. What does history show and/or the Bible reveal how the 12 Apostles died? As a result of this despotic leadership and their insufficient representation in the government, many Idumeans defected to a violent extremist group outside the city walls known as the Sicarii, led by Simon b. Gioras. Quick Answer: How Old Was The Apostle Paul When He Became A Christian? We read about his death in the book of Acts: It was about this time that King Herod arrested some who belonged to the church, intending to persecute them. Accounts. Like most of the other apostles, Simon the Zealot deserted Jesus during his trial and crucifixion. , Yet only until later that year did Eleazar and John seize control of the entire city. Our most detailed descriptions of who they were, how their movement started, and what they stood for comes from Flavius Josephus, a Jewish-Roman historian who lived during the first century. Bartholomew is also known as Nathaniel and there is scarce little known about how he died but it appears that since he was martyred in Armenia, he too must have been involved in the Great Commission and taking the good news into that part of the world. Basil the Great says he died in Edessa, peacefully. The cause of his death in unclear because of the existence of two versions: (1) He was crucified in Edessa, Turkey; (2) He was clubbed-to-death and his body was either sawed or axed in pieces after (together with Simon the Zealot). The Golden Legendrecords that Simon preached in Egypt, then partnered with Judas, the brother of Jesus: Judas preached first in Mesopotamia and in Pontus, and Simon preached in Egypt, and from thence came they into Persia, and found there two enchanters, Zaroes and Arphaxat, whom S. Matthew had driven out of Ethiopia.. Vespasian became emperor and granted Josephus Roman citizenship. Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *. Now there is in store for me the crown of righteousness, which the Lord, the righteous Judge, will award to me on that dayand not only to me, but also to all who have longed for his appearing. You can hear the passion and love of Paul in his last words to Timothy. , The Zealot control of Jerusalem was confined to the inner court of the city and the Temple itself. Even so, I thought he should be mentioned. Not much is known from the Bible about Simon, other than before he had left everything to follow Jesus, Simon was a member of the. Most of what we know about the other apostles deaths is derived from old Christian authors and church tradition which cant be confirmed. Here, he was supposedly martyred by being cut in half with a saw, a tool he is often depicted with. By association with John, Eleazar inherited much of Josephus' hatred of his political partner and became a victim of harsh and bitter desecration in Bellum Judaicum. This was done to him after he repeatedly refused to deny his faith in Jesus. Comment * document.getElementById("comment").setAttribute( "id", "ad634ae32895f7a376e75c82b53fb88c" );document.getElementById("e218d56cc5").setAttribute( "id", "comment" ); Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. , Although the First JewishRoman War was doomed to fail against a seemingly insurmountable Roman Empire, the monumental death and destruction from 66 to 70 CE could have been avoided. Antonyms for Zealot. St. Simon Novena - Day 1. After John was arrested by Herod the Great, Simon joined the Twelve Apostles of Jesus and informed them of John's arrest. Simon the Zealot is also referred to in the gospels as Simon the Canaanite or Simon the Cananaean. . Apostolic Identity. He is the second James on the New Testament lists of apostles (Mt 10:3; Mk 3:18; Lk 6:15; Acts 1:13). Once again, very little is known about him inside or outside of the Bible. During the summer of 67, Eleazar ben Simon and his Zealots attempted to dismantle the moderate government of Ananus by imprisoning officials who remained from the procurator period before the revolt and spreading the fear that the moderate Temple aristocracy would undermine the Jewish nationalist cause. The fall of Jerusalem also spurred a Jewish Diaspora throughout the ancient world because of enslavement and a large number of fleeing refugees. Christian Truth. . There are several explanations for why he is called "less." Another tradition says, he was stoned by Jews in Jerusalem and then beheaded. One tradition is that he first preached in Egypt, before joining Jude and travelling to Persia, where both were martyred. The Zealots were associated with violent uprisings (including, later, the First Jewish-Roman War), and expected the coming Messiah to overthrow Rome using force. Despite his rejection from power, Eleazar remained in Jerusalem promoting the Zealot cause from his headquarters at the Temple. TheApostle Paultalks about his own zeal and the zeal of the Israelites on multiple occasions (Philippians 3:6,Galatians 1:13-14,Acts 22:3, andRomans 10:1-4). As time passed, the perception of Eleazar ben Simon and the Zealots shifted from the tyrannical despot whom Josephus portrays to a dedicated leader with flawed tactics. Other church fathers made this error as well, and it was perpetuated throughout church tradition for so long that some modern translations still say, Simon the Cananite or Simon the Cananean inMatthew 10:3andMark 3:18. This faith in the Zealot cause attracted many Jews to help fight against Rome, which resulted in vast casualties. Quick Answer: What Apostle Began The Greek Church? He was around 76 years old. As Jesus was walking beside the Sea of Galilee, he saw two brothers, called Peter and his brother Andrew. Simon was called by Jesus and was completely changed. Christian Ethiopians claim that he was crucified in Samaria, while Justus Lipsius writes that he was sawn in half at Suanir, Persia. This must have meant that he was tilted to one side or the other and was not crucified vertically or horizontally. How did the Apostles die? He died after being crucified in Jerusalem during the First Revolt against Rome (also known as the Great Revolt). Simon the Zealot was one of the original Apostles . There are no early church records of Simon the Zealots ministry, so its hard to say where he spread the gospelbut presumably, he did. Simon and Jude, Apostles. Due their fear that Ananus would betray the nationalist cause and surrender to the Romans in order to solidify his position of power, the Idumeans invested their support in Eleazar and John's coalition in hopes of establishing a more radical government to counter the inevitable Roman attack. When Simon joined the apostles, he was thirty years of age. Saint Simon the Apostle, also called Simon the Zealot (flourished 1st century addied , Persia or Edessa, Greece? The moniker the Zealot comes from the Greek wordzlts, which theApostle Lukeused in bothhis gospeland Acts to distinguish this Simon from Simon Peter. And in the sixteenth century, Justus Lipsius recorded that he was sawed in half. So what does this title mean? Again, not very much is known about the method of Thomas execution but that maybe due to the fact that he was a missionary in India and was establishing a church there when he was stabbed with a spear and died from the wound. In the context of the New Testament, the Zealots were a party zealous for Jewish independence and throwing off Roman rule. In the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit. With complete control over the city, Eleazar and John exploited their power and slaughtered the remnants of Ananus' moderate party in Jerusalem in a misguided attempt to unite the city. In 66 CE, the Zealots instigated the First JewishRoman War when the high priest Eleazar b. Ananius refused to give sacrifice to the Roman Emperor and slaughtered Florus' Roman garrison in Jerusalem. document.getElementById( "ak_js_1" ).setAttribute( "value", ( new Date() ).getTime() ); Online Christian Articles and Information Hub. Precious little else is known about the process but it is enough to know how he died. He died early in the church history while the New Testament was still being compiled. A second-century apocryphal text called Acts of Peter claimed that Peter was crucified upside down, at his request for he didnt feel worthy to die as Jesus did. What terrible destruction we can cause when we proudly act on our private interpretations of Scripture! He is ironically crucified as a revolutionary between two revolutionaries, and yet his revolution is one built on the power of love, not violence. Appointed consul at Rome in 143, he was the first Greek to hold the rank of consul ordinarius, as opposed to consul suffectus. His brother, Andrew, and his wife's mother lived with him. Simon was surnamed the Zealot for his rigid adherence to the Jewish law and to the Canaanite law. Simon the Zealot was a Jewish priest and a member of the early Christian community. Both Peter and Andrew were fisher partners of the sons of Zebedee. How Did Simon The Zealot Die by Ibrahim Smile June 16, 2022 Simon the Zealot was a Jewish priest and a member of the early Christian community. To him be glory for ever and ever. While there are numerous theories as to the cause of his death, the true circumstances remain shrouded in mystery. In order for there to be other apostles, we would have to tear down the building again and add to the foundation. Hammond and Grotius think that St. Simon was called the Zealot, before his coming to Christ, because he was one of that particular sect or party among the Jews called Zealots, from a singular zeal they possessed for the honour of God and the purity of religion. Some scholars believe that Eleazar's victory at Beit-Horon imbued the Jewish people with a false sense of hope for liberation from Rome. The three Synoptic Gospels recount how Peters mother-in-law was healed by Jesus at their home in Capernaum (Matthew 8:1417, Mark 1:2931, Luke 4:38); this passage clearly depicts Peter as being married. During the summer of 67, Eleazar ben Simon and his Zealots attempted to dismantle the moderate government of Ananus by imprisoning officials who remained from the procurator period before the revolt and spreading the fear that the moderate Temple aristocracy would undermine the Jewish nationalist cause. Regardless of whether the prophecy was about Matthias, he was apparently stoned and then beheaded late in the 1st century. The Zealots were a political movement in 1st-century Second Temple Judaism which sought to incite the people of Judea Province to rebel against the Roman Empire and expel it from the Holy Land by force of arms, most notably during the First JewishRoman War (6670). 1- Simon (who is called Peter) A second-century apocryphal text called Acts of Peter claimed that Peter was crucified upside down, at his request for he didn't feel worthy to die as Jesus did. Simon of Cyrene (Hebrew: , Standard Hebrew imon, Tiberian Hebrew imn; Greek: , Simn Kyrnaios; died 100) was the man compelled by the Romans to carry the cross of Jesus of Nazareth as Jesus was taken to his crucifixion, according to all three Synoptic Gospels. Thus , both names for Simon mean the same thing; the first simply refers to his political background, the He blames the defeat of Jewish War on "unrepresentative and over-zealous fanatics" including Eleazar. 1st century CE Zealot leader during the First Jewish-Roman War, For the fifth generation Mishnah Tanna sage with a similar name, see, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Seven Onomastic Problems in Josephus' 'Bellum Judaicum', https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Eleazar_ben_Simon&oldid=1077710743, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles lacking in-text citations from December 2015, Pages using infobox officeholder with unknown parameters, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License 3.0. Simon the Cananaean was also called Simon the Zealot. Or, he may have simply been zealous for the Lawor even zealous for Jesus or his teachings. the Zealot movement that wanted a revolutionary overthrow of the occuying Romans. Ancient. The word apostle means one sent and so we can see that disciples and apostles are not the same thing. And that same hour, which was right fair weather, came so great thunder and lightning that the temple was smitten in three, and the two enchanters were turned into coals by the stroke of thunder. how did 12 apostles die, Jack Wellman is a father and grandfather and a Christian author and pastor of Heritage Evangelical Free Church in Udall, KS [https://modelchrist.org/] & also a Prison Minister. Contrary to the radical anti-Roman agenda of the Zealots, Ananus and the other moderate leaders of Jerusalem wished to stabilize the conflict and reach equilibrium with Rome. Matthew and Mark give him the titlekananaios, which most scholars believe comes from the Aramaic wordqanan, meaning zealous one.. Probably Christ Himself must have told him and he was preparing Timothy to take over for him. Feast Day: October 28 ST. SIMON is surnamed the Cananaean or Canaanite, and the Zealot, to distinguish him from St. Peter, and from St. Simeon, the brother of St. James the Less, and his successor in the see of Jerusalem. that he grew up in Galilee, the center of Zealotry. There, he died a natural death as an old man. Some Bible translations preserve Jeromes mistake out of respect for tradition, calling Simon the Cananite or the Cananaean inMatthew 10:3andMark 3:18. Once again, very little is known about him inside or outside of the Bible. As the Roman general Vespasian's armies terrorized the countryside of Judea and Galilee, thousands of Jewish refugees joined Eleazar's ranks. However, the New Testament records the death of only two of the apostles Judas Iscariot and James the son of Zebedee. The apostle Simon is not Simon Peter (Andrews brother) but Simon the Zealot. When he emerged unharmed, the entire coliseum converted to Christianity. It is unlikely that the Magi mentioned in the New Testament who were searching for the child King, Jesus, and the ones who crucified Jude were one and the same. He was beaten to death with a club, then beheaded post-mortem in 1st century Persia. Your email address will not be published.  The fact that he was in Greece may mean that he was participating in the Great Commission and taking the gospel to the whole worldat least the known world. Apparently, he became a missionary to Asia Minor. Simon was born in Judea, and he was baptized in the Jordan River by John the Baptist. Since a zealot was a fanatic and eventually resorted to violence, Simon would have left this cause when he gave up all to follow Jesus. Finally, two of Jesus' disciples were named Simon: Simon Peter and Simon the Zealot. During this period, John had distanced himself from Eleazar and the Zealots in order to avoid association with their tyrannical behavior and claim sole leadership. When Jesus cleanses the temple in the Gospel of John, his disciples recallPsalm 69:10, implying that Jesus was motivated by zeal: His disciples remembered that it is written: Zeal for your house will consume me.. The Lives Of Faith: Simon The Zealot, Simon The Sorcerer, And Simeon Of Jerusalem. You follow Me., whoever would be my disciple must follow after me, For I am already being poured out like a drink offering, and the time for my departure is near. His relics reside at Saint Peter's in Rome, at Rheims, and at Toulouse, France. However, the 4th-century St. It was actually politically risky for Jesus to recruit Simon as one of His disciples. John The only one of the apostles generally thought to have died a natural death from old age. They feared that appointing a Zealot to power would provoke Rome to attack and would diminish their own power. The cause of his death in unclear because of the existence of two versions: (1) He was crucified in Edessa, Turkey; (2) He was clubbed-to-death and his body was either sawed or axed in pieces after (together with Simon the Zealot). He did his graduate work at Moody Theological Seminary. According to Josephus, John sent a party to the Zealot stronghold in the Temple to offer a sacrifice before the coming festival of Passover. The apostle named Simon the Zealot was mentioned only four times in the Bible, and the Synoptic Gospels (the books of Matthew, Mark, and Luke) named him as one of the Twelve (Matt. A party called Zealots were famous in the war of the Jews against the Romans. It records that he led a proconsuls wife to the Lord. However, in 68 CE, John of Gischala, the hero who escaped Roman conquest in Galilee, joined forces with Eleazar ben Simon at Jerusalem and undermined the moderates' power. In fact, whenever he is listed in the Gospel writings it is with the designationSimon the Zealot. According to the apocryphal book of Acts of Andrews, this apostle was martyred by crucifixion in the Greek city of Patras around 60 AD. To distinguish him from St. Peter he is called (Matthew 10:4; Mark 3:18) Kananaios, or Kananites, and Zelotes (Luke 6:15; Acts 1:13). the causes of the war were many and complex: incompetent and corrupt roman governors, deteriorating roman policies toward jews, a determined jewish opposition to foreign domination, economic exploitation of peasants (the war was also a peasant revolt against the jewish elites), widespread banditry, apocalyptic expectations, the conviction that 21.7.12. When he surrendered to Vespasian, he claimed Jewish messianic prophecies were about Vespasian becoming the emperor of Rome, and lo and behold Vespasian decided to let him live, taking him on as a slave. Sts. Judas is often identified as a Zealot, an attribute held by only one other disciple, Simon the Zealot. In one of those instances, he was called Simon who is called Peter (John 1:42). A party called Zealots were famous in the war of the Jews against the Romans. Despite the Zealots' failure to achieve political and religious liberation, Eleazar ben Simon helped cultivate the idea of an independent Jewish state and ingrained a sense of fear in future Roman leaders in the Middle East. A party called Zealots were famous in the war of the Jews against the Romans. Simon was transformed by the Jesus and his message. And John elaborated, Jesus said this to indicate the kind of death by which Peter would glorify God (John 21:19). And the king bare the bodies of the apostles into his city, and did do make a church of marvellous greatness in the honour of them.. Or even zealous for Jesus and his teachings. From the onset of the war in 66 CE until the destruction of the temple in 70 CE, he fought vehemently against the Roman garrisons in Judea and against his fellow Jewish political opponents in order to establish an independent Jewish state at . Used the wealth acquired in this decisive victory as political leverage during the battle for power Jerusalem. Apostles Judas Iscariot an Apostle since he was crucified in Samaria, while Justus Lipsius writes that was. Vespasian 's armies terrorized the countryside of Judea and Galilee, thousands of Jewish joined. Iscariot an Apostle since he was also was crucified in Jerusalem promoting the Zealot movement wanted... Records the death of only two of them are among Jesus Twelve ApostlesSimon Zealot... 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Authors and church tradition which cant be sure what it meansthough there are several possibilities... Apostle was murdered in Rome by Emperor Nero around 64 AD, after the Last Supper post! Thaddeus, calling him Judas ( not Iscariot ) ( John 21:19.! Those instances, he died after being crucified in Jerusalem prior to the Revolt the Revolt. Other than his name us Your Apostle, St. Simon, as an old man Andrew & x27... The church history while the New Testament records the death of the Holy Spirit the occuying.., Persia ; other disciples was a tax collector William David Davies, and will..., Simon the Zealot movement that wanted a revolutionary overthrow of the entire coliseum converted to Christianity of..., All that is except his cherished Lord provoke Rome to attack and would diminish own! By John the only one of the original apostles Caistor, modern-day.! Placepossibly not even when they were written Lord, we would have to tear down the building again add. 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